President of Indonesia
President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo is facing more challenges as the 2019 presidential election approaches. Surveys show strong approval ratings for the president so far, but he faces a barrage of criticism from the opposition for his policies, in addition to numerous negative campaigns. The highlights of the past four years of his administration are massive infrastructure development projects across the country, and a strong push to improve the living conditions of remote communities. He has also done much to improve public welfare. Born in Solo, Central Java, on June 21, 1961, Jokowi graduated from the forestry faculty at Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta in 1985.
Vice President of Indonesia
Jusuf Kalla has played a crucial role in several strategic sectors of the Indonesian economy and has represented the country at many international forums, including the United Nations General Assembly in New York. As a successful businessman before becoming a full-time politician, JK, as he is popularly known, twice served as vice president, one term under Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and now under Jokowi. He heads the Indonesian Red Cross and has a strong reputation for conflict mediation, with major successes in Central Sulawesi, Maluku and Aceh. He is currently also a senior adviser to Jokowi's re-election campaign team. As chairman of the Indonesian Mosque Association, he is widely respected for his good relationships with social and religious leaders. Kalla, a graduate of Hasanuddin University in his native Makassar, South Sulawesi, was born on May 15, 1942.
Chairwoman, Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P)
Megawati Sukarnoputri continues to dominate the political landscape as leader of the ruling Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P). The daughter of Sukarno, Indonesia's founding president, is strongly committed to Pancasila, the official state ideology, and the principle of unity of diversity. She plays an active role in party affairs and is a strong backer of Jokowi's bid for re-election in April next year. Megawati, who was born in Yogyakarta on Jan. 23, 1947, studied at Padjadjaran University in Bandung, West Java, and the University of Indonesia in Depok, West Java, but dropped out from both institutions. She has received several honorary doctorates.
Chairman, Great Indonesia Movement Party (Gerindra)
Prabowo Subianto is undoubtedly a powerful national figure who is once again running against the incumbent, Jokowi in next year's presidential election. The former Army general has made many strong statements to back his candidacy, while his Great Indonesia Movement Party (Gerindra), the country's second-largest, leads a coalition that includes the Prosperous Justice Party (PKS), National Mandate Party (PAN) and Yudhoyono's Democratic Party. Prabowo, born in Jakarta on Oct. 17, 1951, graduated from the Indonesian Military Academy in 1974.
Ma'ruf Amin is the running mate of the incumbent, President Jokowi, in next year's presidential election. Ma'ruf has the backing of various religious scholars and leaders of the political parties in Jokowi's coalition. The Muslim cleric, who was born in Tangerang, Banten, on March 11, 1943, is currently one of the most powerful and influential figures in Indonesia. Ma'ruf has since 2015 served as chairman of the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI), the country's top Muslim clerical body comprising all registered Muslim organizations, including Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) and Muhammadiyah. His term as MUI chairman ends in 2020.
Luhut Binsar Panjaitan
Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs
Luhut Binsar Panjaitan has since long considered as a close ally of the president. He has held the positions of chief of staff of the presidential office, coordinating minister for political and security affairs and in the current administration, the coordinating minister for maritime affairs, a powerful position which oversees the maritime and resources sectors. He has played a role in the negotiations on the divestment of 51% of PT Freeport Indonesia’s shares to the government. This year, Luhut successfully hosted the IMF-World Bank Meetings 2018 in October in Bali. His long career in the military, government and as a businessman has created strong ties to high-ranking politicians and business figures. A North Sumatra native, he was born on 28 September, 1947.
Coordinating Minister for Political, Security and Legal Affairs
The retired general, who served as commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces from February 1998 to October 1999, has played a crucial role in confronting issues of radicalism, terrorism and separatism. He remains a powerful figure in politics as founder of the People's Conscience Party (Hanura) but he has handed over the party reins to Oesman Sapat Odang. Wiranto was minister of defense during the administration of B.J. Habibie and ran unsuccessfully for president in 2004 and vice president alongside Jusuf Kalla in 2009. Golkar Party backed him on both occasions. The Military Academy alumnus was born in Yogyakarta on April 4, 1947.
Anies Rasyid Baswedan was inaugurated as Jakarta governor following his defeat of the incumbent, Basuki "Ahok" Tjahaja Purnama, in a heated election last year. Anies, who was born in Kuningan, West Java, on May 7, 1969, is an academic, activist and politician. He served as rector of Paramadina University before his appointment as minister of education and culture in President Jokowi's administration. He was later ousted in a cabinet reshuffle. Anies's grandfather, Abdurrahman Baswedan, was a prominent Arab-Indonesian activist who served as a cabinet minister during the early years of Indonesian independence. Anies graduated from Gajah Mada University in Yogyakarta and obtained a doctorate in political science from Northern Illinois University.
Sandiaga Salahuddin Uno is Prabowo Subianto's running mate in next year's presidential election. The former Jakarta deputy governor graduated from Wichita State University in Kansas and obtained an M.B.A. from George Washington University in 1992. Sandiaga co-founded PT Recapital Advisors with his high school friend Rosan Perkasa Roeslani, who is now chairman of the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Kadin). Sandiaga also co-founded Saratoga Capital with Edwin Soeryadjaya, the son of William Soeryadjaya, who is the co-founder of Astra International, Indonesia's largest conglomerate. Sandiaga was recognized as Indonesian Entrepreneur of the Year by Enterprise Asia in 2008. He quit the business world to enter politics in 2015, when he joined Gerindra. He currently serves as deputy chairman of the party's board of patrons.
Home Affairs Minister
A veteran politician who spent more than two decades in the House of Representatives, Tjahjo Kumolo is a close confidante of former President Megawati Sukarnoputri and an invaluable ally to President Joko Widodo. In his powerful position of home affairs minister, he has the endless task of improving regional governments. But his major success was the recent regional elections, which were held simultaneously for the first time in Indonesian history. He also contributed to the passing of a presidential instruction allowing the government to ban hardline mass organizations such as Hizbut Tahrir. Tjahjo, who was born in Solo, Central Java, on Dec. 1, 1957, obtained a law degree from Diponegoro University in Semarang, Central Java.
Central Bank Governor
Perry Warjiyo is the current governor of Bank Indonesia. President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo handpicked him based on his experience, achievements and track record at the central bank. Before replacing Agus Martowardojo as governor, Perry was the most senior deputy governor, with vast experience in monetary, inflation and central banking policies. The House of Representatives approved his nomination, as the sole candidate, and he was installed for a five-year term on April 15, 2018. Born in Sukoharjo, Central Java, on Feb. 25, 1959, Perry graduated from Gajah Mada University in Yogyakarta before earning a doctorate from Iowa State University in the United States. He also served as executive director of the International Monetary Fund. Perry has pledged to adopt a "preemptive and ahead-of-the-curve monetary policy" to stabilize Indonesia’s economy, narrow the widening current-account deficit and stabilize the rupiah.
Chairman, Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK)
The Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) has had several leaders over the years, but Agus Raharjo is arguably the toughest of them all. With a strong team backing him up, he has led many high-profile operations that have netted some big fish and restored the antigraft agency's credibility. Agus, who was born in Magetan, East Java, in 1956, graduated in civil engineering from the Surabaya Institute of Technology. He began his career at the National Development Planning Bureau (Bappenas) before serving as the founding head of the Government Procurement Agency (LKPP). This year, he successfully brought to justice former House of Representatives speaker Setya Novanto, who was jailed for his role in massive corruption involving the government's electronic national identity card, or e-KTP, procurement project. President Jokowi appointed Agus on Dec. 21, 2015 and his term will end next year.
Muhammad Prasetyo, born in Tuban, East Java, on May 9, 1947, is a career prosecutor. He is a prominent supporter of Surya Paloh's National Democratic Party (NasDem) and represents the party in the House of Representatives. His appointment as attorney general was criticized by some who said the job should have gone to a politically neutral figure. He is on record as a strong supporter of capital punishment, which is carried out by firing squad in Indonesia. He is also cooperating with the National Police and the KPK to root out corruption. Prasetyo is an alumnus of the Lampung University law school and a recipient of two Satya Lencana Karya Satya medals of honor.
Commander, Indonesian Military (TNI)
Air Chief Marshal Hadi Tjahjanto is commander of the Indonesian Military (TNI). The former Air Force chief of staff replaced Gen. Gatot Nurmantyo, who officially retired from military service on March 31, 2018. Hadi is currently working to improve professionalism in the military, while also concentrating on maritime defense, specifically modernization efforts by the Navy to achieve a minimum essential force, which would give it the capacity to cover selected geographical areas of interest across the archipelago while projecting limited force beyond it. Hadi, who was born in Malang, East Java, on Nov. 8, 1963, graduated from the Air Force Academy in 1986 and completed his studies at the Indonesian Military Aviators School a year later. He led the operations and training department of the National Search and Rescue Agency (Basarnas) between 2011 and 2013 and served as TNI spokesman between 2013 and 2015. Hadi was appointed as commander of Abdul Rachman Saleh Air Force Base in Malang in 2015.
National Police Chief
Police General Tito Karnavian is the head of National Police. He will continue to reform one of which may be the least respected institutions in the country. His career began in 1987 and he spent much of his career in counter-terrorism operations, heading both Detachment 88 and, briefly, the National Counter-Terrorism Agency (BNPT). He also served as police chief in Papua and Jakarta. Born in Palembang, South Sumatra on 26 October, 1964, Tito holds a BA in strategic studies from New Zealand’s Massey University, an MA in police studies from Britain’s Exeter University and a PhD in strategic studies from Singapore’s Nanyang University, Tito is aiming to create a professional police institution. During the 87th general session of Interpol in Dubai recently, Tito presented the national police’s strategic analysis relating to the challenges of police duties in modern era.
Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs
Darmin Nasution has every quality needed to manage Indonesia's massive economy. Born in Tapanuli district, North Sumatra, on Dec. 21, 1948, he graduated with a bachelor's degree in economics from the University of Indonesia in 1976 and obtained a doctorate from the University of Paris in 1986. He headed the Directorate General of Taxation in the Ministry of Finance before becoming Bank Indonesia governor in 2010. President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo appointed the seasoned economist as coordinating economic affairs minister in 2015. Along with Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati, he helps to shape government policies on the financial sector and reform the country's bureaucracy.
Sri Mulyani Indrawati
While Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati faces mounting criticism over her handling of the Indonesian economy, there is little doubt that she is one of the best finance ministers in the world today. Global Markets magazine recognized her as Best Finance Minister in East Asia Pacific in October, while she also received the Best Minister Award during the World Government Summit in Dubai in February this year. However, despite Indonesia's healthy economic fundamentals, she is blamed in some quarters for the country's trade deficit and weakening currency. However, with her extensive experience, the former World Bank managing director may be the best-qualified person to keep the Indonesian economy on the right track. Born in Lampung on Aug. 26, 1962, she received a doctorate in economics from the University of Illinois in 1992.
State-Owned Enterprises Minister
Rini Soemarno, 59, is one of President Jokowi's top cabinet ministers. She bears responsibility for not only reforming state-owned enterprises and making them profitable, but also involving them in national development programs to achieve the government's priorities. As an early supporter of the president, she is working to restructure 199 state-owned companies by creating holding companies in vital sectors, such as mining and agriculture. But she has faced criticism for allowing state-owned construction firms to become too dominant, thus leaving little space for the private sector, especially in national infrastructure projects. Rini, who was born and educated in the United States, is the daughter of Soemarno, a Sukarno-era finance minister and central bank governor. She was a prominent member of the business community before becoming minister of trade and industry under former president, Megawati Sukarnoputri.
Chairman, Financial Services Authority (OJK)
Wimboh Santoso was elected for a five-year term as chairman of the Financial Services Authority (OJK) in 2017, succeeding Muliaman Hadad. Wimboh is a former president commissioner of state-owned lender Bank Mandiri. Prior to this, he served as the head of Bank Indonesia's New York representative office and later as executive director of the International Monetary Fund. Following his election last June, he is maximizing the use of technology for educational purposes, surveillance and e-procurement. The OJK supervises Indonesia's financial sector, estimated to be worth $1.2 trillion. It collects fees from banks and nonbanking financial institutions, including pension funds and insurance companies. Wimboh currently faces tough challenges in his post as OJK chairman, due to digital disruption that has seen the rise of increasing numbers of financial technology startups. This requires the financial regulator to keep a close eye on their business practices to protect the public.
Businessman-turned-politician Hary Tanoesoedibjo is currently focused on strengthening the position of his United Indonesia Party (Perindo) as a member of incumbent presidential candidate Joko Widodo's coalition. Born in Surabaya, East Java, on Sept. 26, 1965, Hary studied at two universities in Canada before returning to Indonesia and becoming a successful businessman. He rose to prominence after the fall of President Suharto's New Order regime. In 2000, after his company, PT Bhakti Investama, took over PT Bimantara Citra Tbk, which belonged to Suharto's son Bambang Trihatmodjo, he rebranded it as PT Global Mediacom Tbk, which controls various national and local radio and television broadcasters. His media holdings now operate under the MNC Group.
Industry Minister/Chairman of Golkar
Former businessman Airlangga Hartarto is currently the industry minister while also holding the powerful position as chairman of the Golkar party. He is the son of former Hartarto Sastrosunarto, the industry minister during president Suharto’s administration. Airlangga was born in Surabaya on October 1, 1963 and graduated in engineering from the Gajah Mada university (UGM) in Yogyakarta. He continued his study at Wharton in the United States and obtained his MBA from Monash university in Melbourne, Australia. Airlangga entered politics and began his carrer at Golkar. He was then a member of parliament before he was appointed as minister in President Joko Widodo’s administration. Airlangga was named as Man of the Year by this magazine in Juanuary 2018.
Retno Marsudi is Indonesia's first female foreign minister. A seasoned diplomat, she prefers to maintain a low profile and do her work away from the spotlight. Her experience in foreign affairs has helped Indonesia boost foreign investment and she is considered a voice of reason in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean), navigating issues such as the Rohingya crisis in Myanmar with quiet efficiency. Retno's greatest achievement has been to assemble a strong team in the foreign ministry to continue its long track record of excellence. Born in Semarang, Central Java, on Nov. 27, 1962, she obtained a degree in international relations from Gadjah Mada University Yogyakarta in 1985 before earning a master's degree from The Hague University of Applied Sciences in the Netherlands.
Oesman Sapta Odang
A seasoned businessman turned politician, Oesman Sapta Odang now occupies three powerful posts: speaker of the Regional Representative Council, deputy speaker of the People's Consultative Assembly and chairman of the People's Conscience Party (Hanura). Oesman, who has maneuvered himself to become one of the country's most powerful politicians, was born in Sukadana, West Kalimantan, on Aug. 18, 1950. He owns the diversified OSO Group, which operates in mining, printing, mineral water, property, plantations, transportation, hotels and financial services. Oesman has two private jets, which he uses to commute between Jakarta, Kalimantan and Singapore.
National Democratic Party Chairman
Surya Paloh is founder and chairman of the National Democratic Party (NasDem), which is backing incumbent President Joko Widodo in his bid for re-election in 2019. Surya is known as a kingmaker who has ensured that several of his party stalwarts become members of the current administration, among them the trade minister and the attorney general. Surya's catering business, Indocater, is believed to be his primary source of income, but he is best known as a media mogul who established the Media Group, publisher of Media Indonesia and owner of the influential news channel Metro TV. He also has interests in energy, property and logistics. Surya was born in Kutaraja, Aceh, on July 16, 1951, and studied at the University of North Sumatra and North Sumatra Islamic University.
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Former President, Democratic Party Chairman
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, popularly known as SBY, served two terms as Indonesia's sixth president, from 2004 until 2014, when Joko Widodo succeeded him. He is chairman of the Democratic Party, which is backing Prabowo Subianto's candidacy in next year's presidential election. Questions were raised about Yudhoyono not being seen to actively campaign for the coalition. But according to Democratic Party deputy chairman Agus Hermanto, the former president will start campaigning for Prabowo and his running mate, Sandiaga Uno, a month before the April 17 election, as Yudhoyono is focusing on winning legislative seats. The retired Army general, born in Pacitan, East Java, on Sept. 9, 1949, is a 1973 graduate of the Indonesian Military Academy. He has an impressive academic record, including a doctorate in agricultural economics. Yudhoyono chairs the council of the South Korea-based Global Green Growth Institute, a treaty-based international, intergovernmental organization dedicated to supporting and promoting strong, inclusive and sustainable economic growth in developing countries and emerging economies.
People's Consultative Assembly Speaker, National Mandate Party Chairman
Zulkifli Hasan holds two powerful positions as speaker of the People's Consultative Assembly and leader of the National Mandate Party (PAN). A former supporter of President Joko Widodo, he is now throwing his weight behind the coalition backing presidential candidate Prabowo Subianto in next year's election. The smooth-talking politician is known for his good communication skills and his calculated political maneuvers. He served as forestry minister in the administration of President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. Zul, as he is popularly known, was born into a farming family in Lampung on May 17, 1962. He graduated from Krisnadwipayana University in Jakarta and became a successful businessman before entering politics. He has close ties with PAN founder Amien Rais, whose son Ahmad Mumtaz Rais is married to Zul's daughter, Futri Zulya Savitri.
Said Aqil Siradj
Nahdlatul Ulama Leader
Said Aqil Siradj, the leader of Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), the nation's largest Muslim organization, has been outspoken in defending Indonesia's tradition of religious tolerance. NU controls an expansive network that covers 30 regions, 2,630 representative councils and 37,125 sub-branch representative councils across the archipelago. The organization also operates Islamic boarding schools, many of which maintain high standards of education. Said Aqil was recently named one of the world's 500 most influential Muslim figures by the Jordan-based Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Center. Born in Cirebon, Central Java, on July 3, 1953, he studied at two prominent centers of Islamic learning, King Abdul Aziz University and Umm al-Qura University, both in Saudi Arabia.
Chief of Staff Presidential Office
Retired general Moeldoko holds the powerful position of chief of staff of the presidential office since January 17, 2018. He is the former Indonesian military (TNI) commander under former president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. Born on July 18, 1957, Moeldoko had a successful military career. He graduated from the military academy in 1981 and has received prestigious medals, among others the notable Indonesian military distinguished service star Bintang Dharma and Singapore's prestigious military award, the Pingat Jasa Gemilang in recognition of his contributions in strengthening ties between the Indonesian and Singaporean armies
Communication and Information Technology Minister
Rudiantara has one of the most sensitive and difficult portfolios. As minister of communication and information technology, he faces the challenges of dealing with the downside of social media, such as hate speech, hoaxes and political conspiracies. He is also responsible for rolling out Indonesia's digital platform, drawing up national e-commerce policies and governing the airwaves. Rudiantara has had a long career in the telecommunications sector and he is known for his strong managerial skills, as well as a good understanding of financial markets. He has proved to be an outspoken advocate for the nation's shift to the digital economy, among others, framing sound regulations on startup companies. Born in Bogor, West Java, on May 3, 1959, he studied statistics at Padjadjaran University in Bandung, West Java, and obtained an MBA from the Indonesian Institute of Management Development (IPPM).
Haedar Nashir is the leader of Muhammadiyah, Indonesia's second-largest Islamic organization, which has about 30 million members. Haedar has stressed the need for better protection of religious minorities in the country but also called on minorities to work with the majority. Haedar has stressed that Muhammadiyah will remain politically neutral and free from political meddling. Born in Bandung, West Java, on Feb. 25, 1958, he has a doctorate from Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta.
North Sumatra Governor
Retired Army general Edy Rahmayadi is the newly installed governor of North Sumatra. He and his running mate Musa Rajekshah defeated Djarot Saiful Hidayat, the former Jakarta governor and candidate for the ruling Indonesian Democratic Party for Struggle (PDI-P) in the gubernatorial election. Edy is also chairman of the Indonesian Football Association (PSSI), which was in the spotlight recently after the death of a Persija Jakarta supporter during a football match against Persib Bandung. Edi was born in Sabang, Aceh, on March 10, 1961. After graduating from the Indonesian Military Academy in 1985, Edy served in various positions in the Army, including as commander of the elite Army Strategic Command (Kostrad) from 2015 until his early retirement this year.
West Java Governor
Ridwan Kamil is the newly elected governor of West Java. He and his running mate Uu Ruzhanul Ulum beat three other candidate pairs in the last gubernatorial elections. Ridwan has come a long way since entering the political arena in 2013, when he ran for mayor of Bandung, West Java. Ridwan has brought changes and improvements to the city. Since becoming governor, he has wasted no time in launching new projects, such as East Pangandaran Beach and increasing the minimum wage. He also promised to establish village business units in a bid to promote the welfare of rural people. The graduate of the Bandung Institute of Technology and the University of California, Berkeley was born in Bandung on Oct. 4, 1971.
Energy and Mineral Resources Minister
Ignasius Jonan is a former investment banker who rose to prominence as president director of state-owned railway company PT Kereta Api Indonesia. He made sweeping changes and transformed the railways into a modern and cashless public transportation system. He was appointed as minister of transportation in 2014, at the start of President Joko Widodo's term in office but removed in a cabinet reshuffle in July 2016. The president later brought him back into the cabinet to handle the energy and mineral resources portfolio, which sees him overseeing tough issues, such as contract negotiations with Freeport Indonesia. Jonan, born in Singapore on June 21, 1963, obtained an accountancy degree from Airlangga University in Surabaya, East Java, and a master's degree in international relations from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University in Massachusetts. He was managing director of Citibank Indonesia and chief executive of Bahana Pembinaan Usaha Indonesia, a state-owned investment and trading company.
Khofifah Indar Parawansa
East Java Governor
Khofifah Indar Parawansa is no stranger to politics. She is the first woman to become governor of East Java. The former deputy speaker of the House of Representatives has served in various ministerial posts, including as social affairs minister in President Joko Widodo's administration. She vacated her post in January to run for East Java governor. Known for her dedication to national transparency, religious tolerance and conservative values, she was the first lawmaker who dared to criticize Suharto's regime during the 1998 general session of the People's Consultative Assembly. She has also worked tirelessly to bridge the divide between different religions in Indonesia, and to encourage acceptance of people of different faiths. The graduate of Airlangga University and the University of Indonesia's sociopolitical faculty was born in Surabaya, East Java, on May 19, 1965.
Rosan P. Roeslani
Chairman, Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Kadin)
Rosan Perkasa Roeslani heads the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Kadin), which has at least 90,000 members across the archipelago. Rosan, born in Jakarta on Dec. 31, 1968 and educated in the United States and Belgium, has spent most of his career in Indonesia in banking and finance. He established Recapital Advisors with Evan Ramli and former Jakarta deputy governor, Sandiaga Uno, turning it into a major financial institution active in strategic partnerships, asset management and investment. He has expertise in restructuring, diversification of businesses, and mergers and acquisitions. Rosan has served as commissioner in various companies, including publicly listed PT Visi Media Asia Tbk, PT Mahaka Media Tbk, Saratoga Investama Sedaya, Bumi Plc and the Amanah Recapital Foundation. While Evan Ramli supports Prabowo Subianto and his running mate, Sandiaga, in the upcoming presidential election, Rosan backs the incumbent, President Jokowi, and his running mate Ma'ruf Amin.
Founder, CT Corp
Media tycoon Chairul Tanjung continues to expand his businesses. This year, he launched CNBC Indonesia, a multimedia platform that combines news and investment tools. This follows the launch of CNN Indonesia and the acquisition of detik.com by his group. As a highly successful businessman, he often warns of the potential impact of technology on businesses and on people's lives. For this reason, he regularly talks to young people across the country about digital disruption and business opportunities arising from this trend. Chairul's Trans Property plans to start with the construction of 10 mixed-use development projects this year. He controls the Trans Corp media empire that operates free-to-air television networks Trans TV, Trans 7 and a cable-TV network. He is also expanding his theme park business, with properties in Bandung, West Java, and Makassar, South Sulawesi. Chairul further controls medium-sized lender Bank Mega, which focuses on retail banking, and Transmart, which acquired the local operations of French multinational retailer Carrefour. The businessman, born in Jakarta on June 16, 1962, obtained a bachelor's degree in dentistry from the University of Indonesia in 1987.
President Director, Astra International
Prijono Sugiarto has, since his appointment as president director of Astra International in 2010, seen it become one of the largest in Indonesia. His clear vision and leadership have translated into growth of more than 10 percent per year for the group, with solid revenue derived from its automotive, palm plantation, financial services, infrastructure and logistics, heavy equipment and energy, information technology and property arms. Prijono recently led Astra to become one of the biggest investors in Indonesian unicorn startup Go-Jek to connect its automotive business with the ride-sharing service. The investment of Rp 2 trillion indicates a new business direction for the group as its automotive arm saw slower profit growth this year. However, Prijono is optimistic that the group's other subsidiaries will still record significant growth.
Jahja Setiaatmadja President Director, Bank Central Asia
Jahja Setiaatmadja has successfully transformed BCA, Indonesia's fifth-largest bank, to become a significant player in the country's financial industry. Born in Jakarta on Sept. 14, 1955, Jahja started working as a junior accountant at Pricewaterhouse after completing his studies at the University of Indonesia in 1978. Indonesia's largest drug maker, Kalbe Farma, later recruited him to manage the company's finance and accounting division. This accomplishment saw him join Indomobil, a subsidiary of the Salim Group. His significant achievements at the automaker served as a stepping stone to a new career at BCA, which was also part of the Salim Group at the time. He has experienced the banking industry's toughest times during the 1998 financial crisis, which ended with BCA being taken over by Indonesia's Bank Restructuring Agency (BPPN). However, Jahja's outstanding reputation convinced the new shareholder, the Djarum family, to entrust him with the top position at the bank until today.
Chairman, Artha Graha Group
The relationship between businessman Tomy Winata and the Indonesian Military (TNI) goes back more than 30 years. In 1988, he started working with the Indonesian Army Foundation to rescue troubled local bank, Bank Propelat, and subsequently changed its name to Bank Artha Graha. Now the Artha Graha Group has sprawling business interests in banking, property, agriculture and fisheries. Born in Jakarta on July 23, 1958, Tommy is credited for his ability to make huge business deals, particularly due to his reputation and large network that includes politicians and prominent figures in the business community, military and police. His Artha Graha Care Foundation is a pioneer in organizing social aid for the poor and victims of natural disasters throughout Indonesia.
Chairman, Mahaka Group
This may turn out to be a definitive year for Erick Thohir, chairman and co-founder of the Mahaka Group, a multiplatform media company that creates, sells, aggregates and delivers community content. Erick is widely credited for Indonesia's successful hosting of the 2018 Asian Games, along with Wishnutama Kusubandio, chief executive of NET. Mediatama Televisi. As chairman of the Indonesia Asian Games Organizing Committee (Inasgoc), Erick managed to present the international multisport event within budget, while the opening ceremony attracted a global audience, raising Indonesia's brand. His success saw President Jokowi appoint him as chairman of his re-election team. Erick, who was born in Jakarta on May 30, 1970, is expected to encourage more millennials to participate in the upcoming legislative and presidential elections.
President Director, Triputra Group
Theodore Permadi Rachmat, better known as Teddy, made a name for himself as president director of the Astra Group, founded by his late uncle, William Soeryadjaya. Born in Majalengka, West Java, on Dec. 15, 1943, he joined the company as a salesman after obtaining a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering from the Bandung Institute of Technology in West Java in 1968. In 1972, he co-founded and then managed United Tractors, an Astra subsidiary engaged in the manufacturing of heavy equipment. After his retirement in 2005, he founded the Triputra Group, which now has more than 30,000 employees and diversified interests in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, trading and services. Teddy also played a key role in the founding of Indonesia's second-largest coal producer, the Adaro Group.
Sugianto Kusuma, or Aguan has been vice president commissioner at PT Jakarta International Hotels & Development Tbk since 2009. He is also vice president Commissioner at PT Bank Artha Graha Internasional Tbk. Named as one of the most powerful and the richest businessmen and a close ally of tycoon Tomy Winata, Aguan founded Agung Sedayu Group which is one of the largest property developer in the country. His property projects include Pantai Indah Kapuk and many other city and township development. He also has three industrial parks namely Sedayu Square, Green Sedayu Biz Park Cakung, and Green Sedayu Biz Park Daan Mogot. Aguan seldom appears in public. But he is active in social and humanitarian activities.
Founder, Djarum Group
Robert Budi Hartono and his brother Michael Bambang Hartono are regarded as Indonesia's richest individuals, but the two tycoons prefer to maintain a low profile and stay out of the public spotlight. Budi has made a significant contribution to the Indonesian economy through his Djarum Group. The country's largest private lender, Bank Central Asia (BCA), is the jewel in Djarum's crown. Business is still sweet for BCA with profit having risen 11.3 percent year-on-year to Rp 16.8 trillion ($1.15 billion) in the third quarter. Djarum remains among the top three players in the national tobacco industry and despite cigarettes starting to fall out of favor, the industry is still a big job creator and major source of government revenue in the form of tax and excise. The group's GDP Venture recently invested an undisclosed sum in Jakarta-based smart-city application developer Qlue, as part of the Hartono family's efforts to promote local startups. The Djarum Foundation also works to promote Indonesian culture. Bambang represented Indonesia at this year's Asian Games, where he won a bronze medal in bridge.
Chairman, Salim Group
Anthony Salim understands that digitalization will have a drastic impact on growth of his group's businesses. Over the past decade, the group has set up the Salim Digital Ecosystem, which includes iLotte, Elevenia, OFON, MyPoin, Asuransi Jagadiri, OttoPay, PeDe, i.saku, HelloBill, PopBox, PopExpress, Indopaket, Dens.TV, CBN Cloud and Innovation Factory to shift the group's focus to the digital economy. The group recently also invested in a data center business, in cooperation with Singapore's Keppel Group, to establish the IndoKeppel Data Center. The Salim Group is no doubt one of the most influential business conglomerates in Indonesia and its empire extends well beyond Indonesia, to Singapore, Hong Kong, the Philippines, Australia, Brazil and parts of Africa. Its interests range from plantations to fast-moving consumer goods, as well as the automotive, property and telecommunications sectors. Recent news reports suggest the tycoon is making a foray into the mining industry, which would be a new direction for the group. Australian financial media reported that the Salim Group was the surprise buyer of the Mount Pleasant coal mine in New South Wales and there were also reports of an investment in a vanadium mine in Western Australia. The Salim Group remains a regular buyer of Australian wheat for its flour, noodles and other food products.
Chairman, Sinar Mas Group
Franky Oesman Widjaja, born in Makassar in 1958, is the third son of Eka Tjipta Widjaja, the founder of the diversified Sinar Mas Group. As chairman, he tries to improve the Sinar Mas Group's relations with the government, the wider business community, academic institutions and civil society. Franky heads the Buddha Tzu Chi Foundation, which undertakes relief efforts and reconstruction programs in disaster-stricken areas in Indonesia. He runs several groups, including Jakarta-listed plantation company PT Sinar Mas Agro Resources and Technology Tbk and Singapore-listed Golden Agri-Resources. He has delegated the management of the businesses to focus on campaigning for food security in the nation. He heads Kadin's food security department.